I have a Synology DiskStation (DS209j) that I use on a primarily Windows network, but in some cases I want to access the DS shares from Ubuntu virtual machine running inside VirtualBox. There’s no sense mounting them as Windows shares with the DS supports NFS, so I went that route in stead. (Besides, some application still have trouble with Samba shares.)
I was scratching my head over a “access denied by server while mounting” error until I realized that VirtualBox was getting in the way. Here are the steps I took to get it up and running properly:
- In the VirtualBox menu of the virtual machine , select Devices > Network Adapters… and choose Bridge Adapter instead of the default NAT. This takes your virtual machine out of the private network it has with the host computer and makes it a first-class citizen on the network your host computer is on, with its own IP address.
- Check the guest machine’s IP address by opening Applications > Accessories > Terminal and typing “ifconfig”. It will probably start with “192.168″, but you’ll need all four parts if you want to limit access to just that machine.
- Log into Synology DiskStation Manager as admin, and click Management.
- Under Information, click Status and note the network IP address of your DiskStation. It will probably start with “192.168″, but you’ll need all four parts of the IP address.
- Under File Sharing, click NFS, and make sure it’s enabled.
- Under Privileges, click Shared Folder. Select the folder one you want to mount using NFS, and click NFS Privileges at the top of the list to add a new privilege. Use the IP address of the guest machine to lock access down to that specific machine, or use wildcards to allow access accross your local network (e.g. “192.168.*.*”).
- Before you close the NFS Privileges window, note the “Mount path” at the bottom of the list. It will probably look something like “/volume1/MyShare”
- To automatically mount the NFS share when you start up, go back to the Terminal window on the guest machine.
- Create a directory to use as a mount location. For example if you want to use “MyDSData” in your home folder, type “sudo mkdir /home/YourUserName/MyDSData”. Enter your password when prompted.
- Type “sudo gedit /etc/fstab” in the same Terminal window, and edit then add the line below line to the end of the file. (It’s all one line.) Instead of “[DS IP Address]” use the IP address of your Synology DS, instead of “[Mount path]” type the mount pah, and instead of [Mount location] type the directory you made above. Don’t leave out the colon or the spaces.
[DS IP Address]:[Mount path] [Mount location] nfs rw,hard,intr,nolock,nfsvers=3 0 0
For example: “192.168.1.42:/volume1/MyShare /home/alex/MyDDData nfs rw,hard,intr,nolock,nfsvers=3 0 0″