StickBot V2.0 – Untethered!

We finished up PopsicleBot StickBot¬†with a couple of 555 timer circuits to allow it to roam freely and untethered. It was a lot of fun to build, and even though it’s not the fastest walker or the simplest design, it feels very organic, partly because it’s entirely analog. (As another reader noted, it would have been a lot easier to just use a Microchip PIC12F683 — or PICAXE-08M or 08M2 — but that wouldn’t have been quite as fun, and I was really looking forward to making “eyes” out of the circuits.) See the original post here: StickBot: A Simple 6-Legged Walker. You can click on any of the photos to see larger versions.

StickBot v2 - Untethered

StickBot v2 - Untethered

There’s a 9V battery now attached to its belly with a cable tie. The power feeds into a 7805 voltage regulator, which is fastened with a drop of glue and another cable tie under its nose. 5V and GND are fed up to it’s right eye, where a 555 timer is set up to oscillate between 0 and 4.25 volts with a frequency of 1Hz — so a half second for the left step, then a half second for the right, and so on. The green wire is the 1Hz square wave output.

StickBot v2 - Power

StickBot v2 - Power

The soldering work is far from beautiful, but it is functional, and of course wrapping it up in tape makes it look a little cleaner. You can see where I slipped in little pieces of electrical tape where needed to avoid unwanted connections. There’s a video of soldering up one of the eyes here: StickBot - Building the Right Eye

5V and GND are also fed up to the left eye, where the inner green wire carries the 1Hz square wave generated by the right eye, and the outer green wire carries the servo control signal. The 555 circuit that makes up the left eye creates this control signal, using (in part) a resistor (R3) that I bundled with the other eye. I did this to keep the number of components in each eye balanced. Nobody wants to see a PopsicleBot StickBot¬†with one eye that’s much bigger than the other!

To simplify the soldering work, I left pin 4 (reset) empty on both circuits, as well as pin 5 (the control voltage pin) on the 1Hz oscillator. Ideally, you’d tie both reset pins up to 5V, and tie the empty pin 5 to ground through a 10nF capacitor. This keeps unwanted noise from potentially affecting the circuit.

Here’s the schematic: (Click for a larger version.)

PopsicleBot v2.0 Schematic

StickBot v2.0 Schematic, with two 555 timer circuits sweeping a servo motor from right to left.

…and here’s the video:

Resources

Here are some helpful resources if you’re working with 555 timer circuits.

Updated Name

I realized that Popsicle was actually a registered brand name and not just a common word, so in order to avoid any confusion or trouble, I changed this little guy’s name to StickBot. This project does not (and never did) have anything to do with Popsicle brand ice pops. In fact, I’m not even sure the craft sticks I uses were actually from Popsicle brand ice pops. So my sincere apologies to the Popsicle people; I hope you continue to let me eat your ice pops because life would simply not be the same without them!

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